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What is COVID-19?

SARS-COV-2

WHAT IS COVID-19?

Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more serious diseases such as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).

The 2019 novel coronavirus is a new strain that has not been seen in humans until now and has caused viral pneumonia. It was first linked to Wuhan’s South China Seafood City market which is a wholesale market for seafood and live animals in December 2019.

The virus has now been detected in several areas throughout China, along with countries across Asia, North and South America, Europe, Africa and Oceana.

WHAT DO THE DIFFERENT NAMES MEAN?

You may have noticed different names circulating which relate to the novel corona virus. Below we have listed some of the more common names and explained what they mean.

COVID-19- this is the name for the disease caused by the coronavirus. This is simply short for coronavirus disease 2019. The World Health Organization announced this name on the 11 February 2020.

SARS-CoV-2- severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2. This is the name of the virus, not the disease that results from it. The world Health Organization emphasizes that while the viruses are related, COVID-19 is different from the SARS outbreak of 2003.

Novel corona virus 2019 (nCoV-19)- this was initially used at the start of the outbreak. It refers to the virus which is a novel form of the coronavirus that was first seen in 2019.

Coronavirus- you may see or hear about the virus referred to just as the coronavirus. This is not inaccurate as it is a novel strain of a coronavirus.

FURTHER INFORMATION

If you have any questions or concerns about COVID-19, please refer to our Q&A. If you do not find the answer to your question, you can contact us at info@europeanlung.org. We are receiving a large number of questions about COVID-19, so we are unable to respond directly to these emails. We will combine the questions that we receive, and these will be updated on the Q&A section of the website regularly.

RELATED LINKS:

Questions asked by people with lung conditions and answered by a respiratiory expert

World Health Organization and the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

WHO Travel information

For healthcare professionals see the ERS summary

ERS and PREPARE Webinar about COVID-19

FURTHER INFORMATION

If you have any questions or concerns about COVID-19, please refer to our Q&A. If you do not find the answer to your question, you can contact us at info@europeanlung.org. We are receiving a large number of questions about COVID-19, so we are unable to respond directly to these emails. We will combine the questions that we receive, and these will be updated on the Q&A section of the website regularly.

COVID-19 MATERIALS PRODUCED BY PATIENT ORGANISATIONS AND NATIONAL SOCIETIES:

Fundación Lovexair, España
https://lovexair.com/covid-19-informacion-a-con-ciencia/
https://happyair.org/enfermedades-respiratorias-y-coronavirus/

Alfa-1 España
https://alfa1.org.es/que-podemos-hacer-ante-el-covid-19/

CF Europe
https://www.cf-europe.eu/information/

Pulmonale Hypertensie / Dutch Pulmonary Hypertension Association
https://stichtingpulmonalehypertensie.nl/antwoorden-op-vragen-over-corona-virus/

Pulmonary fibrosis Trust, UK
https://pulmonaryfibrosistrust.org/covid-19-information-2020/

Czech Pneumological and Phthisiological Society
http://www.pneumologie.cz/

European Federation of Allergy and Airways Diseases Patients' Associations 
https://www.efanet.org/care/covid-19 

Astma och Allergi Förbundet / Asthma and Allergy Association, Sweden
https://astmaoallergiforbundet.se/nyheter/fragor-och-svar-om-nya-coronaviruset/  

Women Against Lung Cancer in Europe
www.womenagainstlungcancer.eu/emergenza-covid-19/#more

EU-IPFF
https://www.eu-ipff.org/how-to-protect-yourself-from-covid-19