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References

Systematic reviews

Bates MN, Khalakdina A, Pai M, Chang L, Lessa F, Smith KR. Risk of tuberculosis from exposure to tobacco smoke: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Archives of Internal Medicine 2007; 167: 335-342.

Chiang CY, Slama K, Enarson DA. Association between tobacco and tuberculosis. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2007; 11: 258-262.

Lin HH, Ezzati M, Murray M. Tobacco smoke, indoor air pollution and tuberculosis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS Medicine 2007; 4: 173-189.

Slama K, Chiang CY, Enarson DA, Hassmiller K, Fanning A, Gupta P, Ray C. Tobacco and tuberculosis: a qualitative systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2007; 11: 1049-1061.

Primary studies

Jee SH, Golub JE, Jo J, Park IS, Ohrr H, Samet JM. Smoking and Risk of Tuberculosis Incidence, Mortality, and Recurrence in South Korean Men and Women. American Journal of Epidemiology 2009; 170: 1478-1485.

Leung CC, Li T, Lam TH, Yew WW, Law WS, Tam CM, Chan WM, Chan CK, Ho KS, Chang KC. Smoking and tuberculosis among the elderly in Hong Kong. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2004; 170: 1027-1033.

Leung CC, Lam TH, HoKS, Yew WW, Tam CM, Chan WM, Law WS, Chan CK, Chang KC, Au KF. Passive smoking and tuberculosis. Archives of Internal Medicine 2010; 170: 287-292.

Lin HH, Ezzati M, Chang HY, Murray M. Association between tobacco smoking and active tuberculosis in Taiwan prospective cohort study. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine 2009; 180: 475-480.

Pednekar MS, Gupta PC. Prospective study of smoking and tuberculosis in India. Preventive Medicine 2007; 44: 496-498.